Standards & Standards Development Activities

International standards have the potential to remove trade barriers, harmonize research and development activities, and contribute to development of regulations by national and international bodies. As government, academic and industrial research and development organizations endeavor to understand and develop cellulose nanomaterial-based products for multiple industrial sectors, the need for international standards for cellulose nanomaterials is evident and growing. The Canadian Standards Association (CSA) Group and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) are taking the lead in standards development efforts. ISO standard development activities are carried out within two technical committees: TC 6 - Paper, board and pulps (whose scope includes cellulose nanomaterials), and TC 229 - Nanotechnologies.   

Standards development has progressed in the following areas: Terminology, Measurement and Characterization, EHS, and Material Specification.

Interlaboratory Comparison

An interlaboratory comparison has been organized to validate the performance of protocols for measuring the crystallinity of cellulose nanomaterials (CNM) using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) with Rietveld modelling. The comparison is organized through the International standardisation network, VAMAS.  The results will provide the pre-normative data for an ISO Technical Specification (TS 23361) which has recently been approved as a new work item at ISO TC/229.  Additional participants are welcome. 

View Details on the ILC

Published Standards

ISO/TC 229 - TS 20477:2017 : Standard terms and their definition for cellulose nanomaterial

ISO/TC 229 - TR 19716:2016 : Characterization of cellulose nanocrystals

ISO/TC 229 - TR 12885:2008 and CSA Z12885-12 (R2017) : Health and safety practices in occupational settings relevant to nanotechnologies

CSA Z5100-17 : Cellulose nanomaterials - Test methods for characterization

CSA Z5200-17 : Cellulose nanomaterials - Blank detail specification

ISO/TC 6 – IS 21400:2018: Determination of cellulose nanocrystal sulfur and sulfate half-ester content

ISO/TC 6 – DIS 1762:2019Determination of residue (ash content) on ignition at 525 ℃

ISO/TC 6 – DIS 2144:2019: Determination of residue (ash content) on ignition at 900 ℃

ISO/TC 6 – DIS 12830:2019: Determination of acid-soluble magnesium, calcium, manganese, iron, copper, sodium and potassium

ISO/TC 229 – TS 21346:2021: Characterization of individualized cellulose nanofibrils



Standards Under Development

ISO/TC 6 – WD 638-1 : Determination of dry matter content by over-drying method – Part 1, Materials in solid form, under publication

ISO/TC 229 – TS 23151 : Particle size distributions for cellulose nanocrystals, under publication

ISO/TC 229 – WD 23361 : Crystallinity of cellulose nanomaterials by powder X-ray diffraction


Road Maps

2011 Roadmap for the Development of International Standards For Nanocellulose:

This Roadmap is a result of a 2011 International Standards Workshop held on June 9, 2011 in Washington, D.C. The Roadmap was written by a team of global experts following in-depth break-out sessions conducted at the workshop.